August 16, 1973, Centennial Section
Famous Native Son
Nearly all the nation remembers of Thomas Riley
Marshall is his one half-jesting remark that
"What this country needs is a good 5-cent cigar." It was
his wry way of telling Americans there's not much wrong
with their country.
North Manchester is the well advertised birth place of
Thomas R. Marshall who was born in a house located where
Harvey's now stands on March 14, 1854.
The house in which he was born now stands on the corner
of Ninth and Walnut Streets.
His father was Dr. Daniel M. Marshall who was well known
and prosperous in the area. The family did not remain in
North Manchester long after the birth of Thomas but
moved to Pierceton and from there to other locations.
[Ed. Note: The Daniel M. Marshall
family moved in early 1856 to West Urbana IL; in 1859 to
LaGrange, MO; and late 1860 returning to Pierceton, IN.
The move by the Marshall family to Columbia City IN
happened in the 1870s.]
Thomas R. Marshall graduated from Wabash College at
Crawfordsville and practiced law for many years in
At college he proved himself better at words than
numbers, and managed to get into a libel suit as a
budding college journalist. Gen. Lew Wallace, the author
of Ben Hur, was the woman lecturer-plaintiff's lawyer.
Young Marshall enlisted the help of Benjamin Harrison.
The Republican lawyer and President-to-be won the case
for his young client, and he took no fee.
Marshall was elected Democratic Governor of Indiana in
1908 after receiving the party nomination at a
deadlocked state convention which chose him as a
As Governor of Indiana his stance was to be a foe of
capital punishment while believing that governors ought
not be able to free criminals sentenced to life for
In 1912 he was placed on the national ticket as a
running mate for Woodrow Wilson and was twice elected as
Vice-President. Marshall was chosen because he could
deliver Indiana, normally a Republican state to the
Democratic national ticket.
Despite the fact that he was a Democrat, and of a
Democratic family, Marshall throughout his book of
self-recollections evinces a generosity that transcends
all political rivalry.
For many months during the serious illness of President
Wilson he was very near being president of the United
States. Many men of political influence urged him to
assume the office because Wilson was not able to be
active, but he always refused to do so.
After retirement from national politics he became a
popular lecturer and moved to Indianapolis in 1922 where
he joined the law firm of Walker and Hollett.
His last public address was delivered at Manchester
College where he was commencement speaker in 1925. Ten
days later he died in Washington on June 1 and funeral
services were held in Indianapolis on June 24.
Marshall was always devoted to his home state, writing
in his "Recollections" that "...the old state, as the
days have come and gone, has struck a right good
average. It has perhaps had no towering peaks, but it
has surely furnished as many first-grade second-class
men in every department of life as any state in the
Union." He meant it as a compliment. He proclaimed
proudly in his recollections that "to be a Hoosier was
to live out his life still with all the zest and
enjoyment of a boy."
Strangely enough the photographs of the former
Vice-president reveal that he did retain a boyishness
even of appearance until his last days. He was a
slightly built man with a wide-mischievous mount (hidden
in adulthood by a wispy mustache), blue eyes around
which were tiny laugh lines that bespoke the happy
spirit that dwelt within.
THOMAS RILEY MARSHALL BIRTHDAY CLUB
ORGANIZED (The News-Journal, Dec 17, 1936)
Plans for organization of a Thomas Riley Marshall
Birthday Club in North Manchester were made by a group
of local democrats meeting in John Isenbarger's office
Monday evening. The purpose of the organization would be
the holding of an annual banquet commemorating the
birthday of North Manchester's most famous son. J. Lee
Emery of Whitley County,
founder of a similar club in Columbia city, the
first of its kind, told about the developments of the
idea. At the Columbia City banquet last March 275
persons attended. Marshall had his law office in that
city for many years and the old sign, Marshall & McNagny,
still remains on the door. As North Manchester was
Marshall's birthplace it was thought fitting that a
Birthday Club should be organized here. John Isenbarger
was chosen as the first president of the club, with
Roland Schmedel as secretary-treasurer. The date of the
first banquet was not set, but it will be on or near
March 14, Marshall's birthday.
Source: NMHS Newsletter, November
Big Demand for Local Postmarks
sometimes in an unusual way, and sometimes it is slow in
coming. Eighty years ago Friday morning saw the start
for North Manchester's fame ---in one way. Thomas R.
Marshall was born here on that morning --- March 15,
1854 [sic: March 14, 1854].
The house in which he was born stands on the corner of
Walnut and Ninth streets, having been moved twice since
he first saw it. On the day of his birth it was where
the old Lawrence bank building now stands now marked by
a bronze tablet. Then it was moved to the corner of
Market and Third street, and was occupied for a time by
John Shively, later to be moved when he erected what is
now the Dr. G. L. Shoemaker house.
But that is
not the story [we] set out to tell. Friday morning there
came to the postoffice seven "catchets," each addressed
to the postmaster, and each bearing 21 cents in postage,
and each containing 35 stamped and addressed envelopes;
all empty. The request was for Postmaster Olinger to
cancel these stamps with the North Manchester date of
March 15 [sic: March 14],
and send them to the parties addressed. There were in
all 245 of these envelopes. The bunch was sent to North
Manchester by an agency in New York that makes a
specialty of getting cancelled stamps and post marks for
News-Journal March 19, 1934
Source: NEWSLETTER OF THE NORTH MANCHESTER HISTORICAL
Vol. III, No. 1 (February 1986)
The Lawyer takes a Bride!
Thomas Marshall, a bachelor at age
41, had had a number of girl friends. In fact, he was
engaged to marry Catherine Hooper, daughter of A.Y.
Hooper, one of Columbia City’s first lawyers.
Invitations were sent for what promised to be one of the
town’s largest social events. Tragedy struck, however,
when Catherine died suddenly on September 21, 1878, the
day before the wedding.
There are two versions of the
reason Marshall went to Angola and there met his future
wife the summer of 1895. In Charles M. Thomas’s
biography is the usual local version: He was appointed
special judge to hear a case in the Steuben County
Circuit Court. William E. Kimsey was the county clerk.
His daughter, Lois Irene Kimsey, 23 and recent graduate
of Tri-State College, was his deputy. Marshall’s legal
business took him to the clerk’s office where he met
A letter written to the Whitley
County Historical Society, November 2, 1965, tells us
that Marshall was chief counsel for the defendant in the
Deeter murder case, venued from DeKalb County to Steuben
County. The letter was written by Lois Parker Knorr,
niece of Judge Stephen Arad Powers, elected judge of the
Steuben Circuit Court and the presiding judge in this
The letter reads: “the good judge
took it upon himself to make everybody acquainted. In
introducing Marshall to Miss Kimsey, the judge suggested
she would make a good wife for a bachelor lawyer. From
this simple suggestion there was a wedding, and a
Steuben County girl went to Washington to carry on as
Second Lady for eight years. Incidentally, Deeter got
Later in life Mrs. Marshall related
that, when a mutual friend told her that he had a
prospective husband for her, she replied, “Marshall is
an old married man.” The friend insisted that Marshall
was a bachelor, whereupon she said, “Bring him in.” The
two saw much of each other in the weeks that followed.
The wedding ceremony took place on October 2, 1895, in
the bride’s home at Salem Center, Steuben County.
Marshall had bought the house at
108 West Jefferson Street, Columbia City, in 1877 and
lived there with his parents until their death. He had
the house remodeled in April 1898. Mrs. Marshall entered
into the life of the community here she became a member
of the First Presbyterian Church, teaching the primary
Sunday School class while Tom taught the men’s Bible
Marshall was an alcoholic. His
intemperateness affected his marital happiness. In 1898,
with Lois’s encouragement, he took treatments, and
thereafter no one ever saw him touch an intoxicating
drink. Marshall served no liquor or wine when he was
governor or vice president. A newspaper wrote in 1914
that at a reception Mrs. Marshall served “bowls and
bowls of lemonade.”
The Marshalls were separated only
two nights during their entire married life. Opponents
in the 1908 campaign charged that Mrs. Marshall
accompanied her husband for fear he would become
intoxicated. This may have been a motive when they were
first married, but then it became a sentimental
tradition of their enduring affection for one another.
Tom was content with the good life
according to the standards of Columbia City. Mrs.
Marshall furnished the incentive for him to accept each
nomination to high office.
In 1908 the Indiana Democratic
Convention nominated Thomas Riley Marshall as their
candidate for governor. When the Marshalls arrived home
from the convention, they found that the neighbors had
decorated the home with bunting in honor of the
occasion. Afterwards it rained, and the colors ran onto
the white paint. There were red, white, and blue stripes
all over the house, and the pillars looked like barber
poles. “There isn’t a family in Indiana that has a more
patriotic house than ours,” said Mr. Marshall.
After a parade in Columbia City the
night before the election, J.E. Mannix of Fort Wayne and
a party of his friends visited the Marshall home. They
had a Democratic mule with them, and Mrs. Marshall
invited the party into the house, mule and all! To
please his enthusiastic friends, Marshall mounted the
long-eared beast of burden.
Following the election the
Marshalls sold their Columbia City home and Indianapolis
became their official address.
A reception and inaugural ball was
given in the Marshalls’ honor on January 11, 1909, at
the Propylaeum, a social and culture center for women at
1410 North Delaware, Indianapolis. “Prophylaeum” is
interpreted as “the gateway to culture,” derived from
the propylaeum or gateway to the Acro0polis in Athens.
Fifteen hundred guests were invited but many uninvited
The Indianapolis News described
Mrs. Marshall’s gown as “a white satin directoire with
gold net yoke and long sleeves. Scattered over the skirt
were medallions of white satin cord, and this cord was
used to form a scroll border around the hem of the
skirt. The Watteau-like plait at the back fastened to
the bodice by two gold and rhinestone buttons and
depending from each of these was a chain of oblong links
made of white satin cording, heavy white silk tassels
finishing the ends.
Biography Thomas said that Marshall
was ambitious for the presidency and “did all he could
to advance his chances, taking a much more active part
in (that) campaign…than he had taken four years earlier
when his friends were grooming him for the
When first asked if he would accept
the nomination for vice president, he said he would not.
He could earn a better living as a lawyer in Columbia
City. Mrs. Marshall, however, wanted to go to Washington
instead and swayed Marshall to accept the nomination if
the convention chose him.
Marshall continued to pay all of
his own campaign expenses. Mrs. Marshall accompanied her
husband on every campaign trip in 1912, as she had done
during the campaign for the governorship.
A split in the Republican Party
between President Taft and former President T.R.
Roosevelt made it possible for the first time in 16
years for a Democrat victory. Woodrow Wilson, governor
of New Jersey, and Thomas R. Marshall, governor of
Indiana, became president and vice president of the
Mrs. Marshall’s 1913 inqugural gown
was white satin, ornamented with Italian or raised
quilted gold embroidery in fleur-de-lis and circle
pattern on the skirt and repeated on the embroidery of
the shoulder ruffle. The skirt, with a fish-tail train,
was cut in points at the raised waistline and extended
by bretellas or suspenders over the long sleeves. The
yoke and high collar were of sheer fabric, possibly
She was a popular and active part
of Washington social life. She helped to establish and
run the “Diet Kitchen Welfare Center” for the betterment
of babies. In this work she came in contact with a baby
boy whose life was dependent upon good care. She became
attached to him and persuaded her husband that they
should take the child into their home. Mrs. Marshall
secured a job for the boy’s mother at the hotel where
they lived so that the mother could be close to her son.
His name was Clarence Ignatius Morrison. “Iggie,” as
Marshall nicknamed him, became the center of their lives
but died at the age of three and a half before adoption
When Wilson became too ill to
entertain the many dignitaries who came to the United
States after World War I, the Marshalls were the
official hosts. Among these visitors were the King and
Queen of Belgium and the Prince of Wales. The president
had a fund from the government to cover these expenses
but none of this money was passed to the vice president.
The silver framed pictures of the King and Queen
autographed “Albert” and “Elizabeth” which were sent to
the Marshalls as a “bread and butter” thank you are in
the Whitley County museum.
In 1918 Whitley County had an
auction to raise the quota for the Red Cross. Thousands
of people were attracted to the auction by a “human fly”
who scaled the outside wall of the court house. Letters
were written to celebrities for articles to be
auctioned. Mrs. Wilson contributed a handkerchief which
sold six times for a total of $69; Mrs. Marshall sent a
box containing knitting needles, a handkerchief and a
picture of “the boy.” They brought a combined total of
The Marshalls kept ties with
Columbia City and spent a week at Christmas 1912 with
the Walter F. McLallens. If any of you have trouble
keeping your checkbook balanced you have something in
common with Mrs. Marshall. A letter to McLallen at the
First National Bank on December 3, 1912, reads, “Dear
Walt, I send you Mrs. Marshall’s book. I wish you would
straighten it up and return it to me. – As ever yours,
When Marshall’s term as vice
president ended in 1921, they returned to Indianapolis
where Tom practiced law. He was also much in demand as a
public speaker. His last visit to Columbia City was to
deliver the commencement address to the Columbia City
class of 1925. Less than two weeks later he addressed
the graduating class of Manchester College. He died on
June 1, 1925, in a Washington, D.C., hotel while reading
the Bible which was opened to the fourth chapter of
Mrs. Marshall continued her legal
residence in Indianapolis, and wintered in Phoenix,
Arizona. Later Phoenix-Scottsdale became her permanent
home (see the Newsletter, May 1984 and May 1985).
She died at the age of 85 in January 1958 after
suffering a stroke.
The bodies of Thomas Riley
Marshall, Lois Kimsey Marshall, Dr. Daniel and Martha
Patterson Marshall, and Clarence Ignatius Morrison
Marshall now rest in a mausoleum in Crown Hill Cemetery,
Indianapolis. The mausoleum was provided by the Supreme
Council of Scottish Rite.
This article was
prepared by Bernice Carver, Whitley County historian,
and was printed in the NMHS Newsletter with permission
from the Bulletin of the Whitley County
Historical Society. Carver's article originally appeared
in the Bulletin in February 1985.
Source: NMHS NEWSLETTER
DOUBLE ELECTION EXCITEMENT!
By Allan White
It is hard to imagine more local
interest in an election than in the campaign of 1988 in
which Dan Quayle from nearby Huntington County became
Vice President of the United States. But there was a
time when North Manchester voters were treated to a
double feature. The year was 1912.
The Democrats swept the nation in
the election victory of Woodrow Wilson, governor of New
Jersey, and his running mate and our favorite son,
Thomas Riley Marshall, then governor of Indiana. It also
sent a North Manchester resident, John Isenbarger, to
his first term in the Indiana General Assembly.
The landslide affected all of the
offices in the Wabash County Courthouse, all men, all
Democrats except one lone Republican, William D.
Gochenour, surveyor, unopposed when William Ebbinghous
withdrew shortly after his nomination.
Marshall and Wilson exchanged
victory telegrams whose text was printed in the November
7, News-Journal: “I salute you, my chieftain,” Marshall
writes briefly, “in all love and loyalty,” while Wilson
thanks Marshall in his: “Warmest thanks for your
generous telegram. Your part in the campaign was a force
of great strength and stimulation. Now for a deep
pleasure of close association in a great work of
Isenbarger’s first days in the
General Assembly must have been exciting to
Manchesterites: He was mentioned as a possible speaker
of the house, “a merry race going on” the newspaper
reported. He was competing against five others, two from
Indianapolis and the others from Madison, Scottsburg,
and New Albany.
Isenbarger, a farmer and real
estate agent, was a Democrat leader in this county which
the News-Journal claimed had never sent a Democrat to
the legislature. Just years before he was the party’s
nominee for State Treasurer “at a time when there was no
chance to win.”
Within the month, however, Taggart
factions had controlled the caucus and the other
candidates withdrew “gracefully” in favor of Homer Cook
of Indianapolis. Isenbarger, it was reported, was in
line for some good committee assignments and
chairmanships. (He later served as postmaster here.)
As the country prepared for the
inauguration, Indiana was to be honored by the front
rank in the parade for the Black Horse Troop of Culver
Military Academy, among the “crack” divisions embracing
famous cavalry organizations from many parts of the
The Culver horsemen had hoped to
serve as the personal escort of Vice President Marshall.
When Mark Thistlethwaite, Marshall’s secretary, took up
the matter with Colonel Henry F. Allen, chief aide of
General Leonard Wood, he learned that under all
traditions “from time immemorial” it was impossible
for the vice president to have a special escort, and
Marshall was assigned to ride in a carriage with Senator
Gallinger, president pro tem of the Senate.
Washington society was surprised to
learn that the Marshalls decided not to buy a house but
lease a four-room suite in Washington’s Shoreham Hotel.
The vice president’s salary at that time was $12,000;
wealthier predecessor vice presidents had been spending
$25,000 to $40,000 a year “just in showing people what
good fellows they could be.” The Marshalls clearly gave
notice that they refused to do that and that they would
not enter Washington society to any great extent!
Then there is this final footnote
of the legend type that we like to chuckle over. It
appeared in the November 7, 1912, News-Journal, a short
one worth quoting as we read:
an Election Prophet
“Albert Ebbinghous don’t claim to
be much of a political manipulator, but he certainly has
things to rights when it comes to reading signs. Monday
when the wind was blowing from the south he declared
that it could mean nothing but a democratic victory. The
breeze coming from over the solid south he said was sure
to become thoroughly imbued with democracy and would
bring it north. And the results certainly indicate that
[Editor’s Note: Albert G.
Ebbinghous(e) was Clerk-Treasurer of North Manchester
of the North Manchester Historical
VOLUME IX, NUMBER 4 (NOVEMBER
Hoosier Lawyer Becomes Vice President
by Ferne Baldwin
[Photo: Wabash College students
recently donated their labor to help ready the Thomas
Marshall House for its upcoming move. See story below.]
Riley Marshall came to Randolph
County, Indiana, in 1817 and soon moved to Grant County.
Later he moved to Kansas. One of his nine children was
Daniel M. Marshall who was educated to be a doctor. He
married Martha Patterson and the couple moved to North
Manchester in 1848 [Subsequent
Research Note: They arrived in North Manchester after
1850 because the U.S. Federal Census for 1850 placed the
household of Daniel Marshall and his wife in Attica,
Indiana where Daniel was listed as physician.]
Dr. Marshall practiced medicine in their house
located on the north side of Main Street. There Thomas
Riley Marshall was born March 14, 1854. His only sister
died in infancy and he grew up an only child.
Tom’s father made heavy use of the
traveling library of that time and when his wife was
threatened with tuberculosis when Tom was two years old,
Dr. Marshall concluded that the best treatment was an
open air life-style, raw eggs and milk. Greeks long
before the Christian era had taken lung patients to the
mountains to sleep outdoors and fed them a diet of
goat’s milk, raw eggs and wine. So the family went to
Illinois and for about two years lived practically in
the open prairies around Urbana. They moved westward
into Kansas, and back into Missouri. By this time the
mother was in good health and the doctor followed his
profession for a year and a half.
There was a great deal of political
controversy at this time and Dr. Marshall challenged one
of the political hot heads of the area. His uncle and
cousins advised him to get out of town for his own
safety. A few hours later they were on a boat going to
Quincy, Illinois, and they soon returned to Indiana.
Both Daniel Marshall and Riley Marshall were told by the
Methodist preacher that their names would be taken from
the church roll if they continued to vote Democratic.
Riley announced he was willing to take his chance on
Hell, but never on the Republican party. Daniel simply
joined his wife’s church (Presbyterian).
Tom’s education began in Pierceton;
later he went to Warsaw and in 1868-69 he attended Ft.
Wayne High School. He passed the exams for entrance to
Wabash College at age 15 and entered that school in
1869. It was a classical course with no electives. All
students were required to attend worship on Sunday, as
well as a lecture by the College President on Sunday
afternoon. Total college enrollment was 85. Marshall
became a member of Phi Gamma Delta fraternity and began
what was an important relationship during his entire
life. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and received the
highest possible grade in fourteen out of thirty-seven
In his book,
Marshall tells of one event during his military training
at Wabash College. “I remember we had two
twelve-pounders, with their caissons and whatever else
goes with them, but we had no mules to drag them around
over the campus. Colonel Henry B. Carrinton devised a
scheme, therefore, of a public drawing, whereby one man
became an artillery man and another man became a mule. I
was fortunate enough to draw a mule’s part. It was all
well and good during
April and the early part of May, when physical exercise
was desired, but when the hot weather came on it was too
strenuous even for a patriotic and military soul, such
as I was. And so, one day, we pranced off with the
cannon, caissons and everything else, piled the whole
mess on what is now the Big Four Railroad running
through the corner of the Campus and mutinied.
“A train came in and was compelled
to stop. The train crew and most of the passengers got
off, and everything was said, from importunity to
profanity, to induce us to remove the barrier, but we
were adamant. Finally the crew and the passengers
cleared the track and the train went on its way.
“The next morning we were drawn up
before the faculty, and I was selected to make the
defense. It was brief but to the point. It consisted of
the statement that my father had sent me to Wabash
College to take, if possible, the asinine traits out of
my character, not to make me more mulish than I was by
nature; that I did not think I would get much more in
the additional two weeks; that a bit of sheepskin was
not essential to my happiness; that, if desired, I would
pack my truck and go home; and that I spoke for the rest
of the boys.”
“This was a successful strike and
we heard no more about it.”
At graduation two of his professors
offered positions but he was already working toward a
career in law. In the same year he joined the firm of
Hooper and Olds in Columbia City. At the age of
twenty-one he was appointed an attorney of the Whitley
County Circuit Court and during his first year was
involved in some forty cases in that court.
For a brief time he had his own
private practice but he soon formed a partnership with
William F. McNagny who had grown up on a Whitley County
farm. They were an ideal pair and within a short time
this firm was acting as a lawyer in nearly one half the
cases before the circuit court.
Tom was a bachelor and made his
home with his mother. She died when he was forty. The
next summer he was acting as special judge in a case in
the circuit court at Angola. A Miss Lois I. Kimsey was a
deputy in the county clerk’s office and they were
engaged before the case ended. Tom Marshall worshipped
his wife and Mrs. Marshall’s life centered around her
husband. They were separated only two nights during
their whole married life.
By 1897 Tom Marshall was coming to
court some days under the influence of alcohol. His
problem began to cause difficulties in his marriage.
Even his wife could not keep him sober. His wife and
friends pleaded with him and in 1898 he took a course of
treatments as a cure. No one ever saw him drink after
that. When offered a drink he would simply say, “I do
not drink,” and the Marshalls did not serve any liquor or
wine when he was governor or vice-president.
Marshall was very active in the
Presbyterian Church. He taught the men’s
Bible Class, customarily attended twice on
Sunday. He was a noted speaker but his stories could be
told anywhere. He often helped organize the annual
county fair, served on the local school board, and was a
member of the Masons. He became the Most Illustrious
Grand Master of the Grand Council of Indiana, became
Thirty-third Degree in 1898 and later represented the
State of Indiana on the Supreme council. Altogether, he
was a popular man in Columbia City.
Coming from a long line of active
Democrats, he began political activity while still at
Wabash College. He organized the Democratic Club at
Wabash during the 1872 campaign and was proud to act as
the escort for the candidate for governor. Local
politics fascinated him. He became a member of the State
Central Committee in 1896. It was his habit to attend
He was on a vacation in Michigan
when he was chosen as a candidate for governor in 1909.
His campaign was well organized but Marshall himself did
little. He borrowed money and paid all his expenses for
the campaign. He won by 14,809 votes. The Marshalls
rented a modest house. There was no official residence
and Marshall opposed buying one. The inaugural ball cost
$455 and was paid for by the Governor elect. They worked
hard to stay within his eight thousand dollar salary. He
was also careful of the state’s finances.
He was much more interested in the
candidacy for president as his term as Governor came to
an end. He made speeches in other states and made
careful plans in case the Convention became deadlocked,
that he might be available as an unaligned and viable
One percent of the total population
of Columbia city went to the convention in Baltimore to
support their favorite son. It was a long convention. It
soon became clear that Woodrow Wilson would be the
candidate for President. Wilson did not indicate any
clear preference for Vice-President. Marshall received
389 votes on the first ballot. A unanimous vote was
declared a little after 2 a.m. Marshall was at home,
sound asleep. At first he refused the vice-presidency,
arguing that the salary was too small. But Mrs. Marshall
was eager to go to Washington and others helped to
persuade him. He never regretted his decision and found
that by adding some speaking fees they could live well
and even save a little.
Again, Marshall paid all his
campaign expenses. Mrs. Marshall went along on the three
tours: one to Maine, another to the Mid West and one to
the Far West. When the Marshalls arrived in Washington
in February, they received more attention than most
vice-presidents. Marshall had a special guard of honor
at both inaugurations by the Black Horse Troop of cadets
from Culver Military School. The Hoosier Lawyer from
Columbia City was now the Vice-President of the United
States. (to be continued)
Wabash College Students Revitalize
Thomas Marshall Birthplace
Adapted from a News-Journal article
The North Manchester Historical
society received help from an unexpected source
recently. Four students from Wabash College spent the
day here scraping paint and preparing the Thomas
Marshall birthplace on Ninth St. for its move next
spring to Holderman Park.
Why would college students from
southern Indiana make the trek here to help refurbish an
It turns out that Thomas Marshall
attended Wabash College and was a member of the Phi
Gamma Delta fraternity there in 1873. Fraternity members
received a newspaper clipping about the North Manchester
Historical Society’s effort to restore Marshall’s
birthplace, and they felt it would be an appropriate
fraternity project to lend a hand.
The four students worked here under
the direction of Society member Max Kester, a retired
carpenter. Society member Eldon Metzger lent a hand by
cooking chili over an outdoor fire for the crew.
The move of the vice-president’s
birthplace is scheduled for the spring. Before the move,
the Society expects to restore the house to its original
lines, by taking off the dormer and replacing the
asphalt roof with a wood shingle roof. The porches will
also come off.
The Society is looking at a major
fund-raiser to help with the costs of restoring and
moving the home. Once moved, it will be operated as a
A Hoosier Lawyer Serves His Country
Thomas Marshall said about his going to Washington, "I
went, as I think the average American goes, somewhat in
awe. I was impressed with the feeling that the American
people might have made a mistake in setting me down in
the company of all the wise men of the land." His
inaugural speech pointed out that he was entering four
years of silence for his vice-presidential term.
Even that admission did not prepare him for the
discovery that his office was one room near the Senate
chamber which he said did not differ "much from a monkey
cage, except that the visitors do not offer me any
peanuts." The vice-president's car was not immediately
available so he rode the street car.
Source: NMHS Newsletter Feb 1993
The Congress soon demanded his full attention. His
reputation as a Governor had been a liberal one but he
moved toward a conservative stance. He accepted the
President's leadership and kept quiet when he disagreed.
In some cases he did oppose certain legislation but if
the party favored it Marshall made no further
resistance. He declared that "no decent Democrat" could
favor prohibition and he consistently resisted women's
One speech which he made early in this term raised a
real storm of comments. Simply, he said that "if the
tendency of certain men to accumulate vast fortunes was
not curbed, America might face socialism or
paternalism." He was accused of inciting class hatreds
or threatening property confiscation. Amid the furor
there were several who called for the vice-president to
return to his traditional position of silence. The
Washington Star replied that "he is a ready and
entertaining speaker, and owes his prominence in affairs
to his success on the stump in Indiana. For years the
simple announcement that Tom Marshall would speak
collected great crowds "on the banks of the Wabash."
So the first year of his term he was surely not popular.
Some considered him wild; others were very displeased
with his humor. "Wit makes enemies. It stirs up the
hornets." The first step toward changing his image was a
deliberate move by an old friend from Columbia City who
had become a well-known corporation lawyer in New York.
He arranged a lunch which Marshall attended and invited
a number of prominent New Yorkers. "Marshall provided
such genial conversation, spiced with his usual stories,
that men who had come to spend an hour, rushed away in
the late afternoon just in time to close their offices."
It was a beginning.
By March, 1917, the New York Times said in an editorial
that Marshall spoke with a sense and sanity that was
urgently needed. There was widespread approval of his
conduct as presiding officer of the Senate. The New York
Times said in an editorial when he left the
vice-presidency in 1921, "He has been impartial, alert,
urbane. His humor, his sound sense, his courtesy and his
entire lack of self-importance have made both sides of
the chamber treasure him. He has played perfectly the
difficult and self-effacing part of the Vice President."
There is strong evidence of his fairness; in fact, some
believed he leaned over backwards to be fair to
Republicans. Some of his closest personal friends were
members of that party.
Marshall did not hesitate to shake the dignity of the
Senate. Later, Senators would realize that his humor had
eased tempers and led to progress. In a most unusual
occurrence in July, 1913, the Vice-President took the
chair with a baby in his arms. It was Thomas Marshall
Sutherland, the son of Marshall's former pastor. The
conflict over the Chair of the presiding officer brought
mixed reactions. The Chair of the Committee on Rules
came into the Senate chamber one afternoon soon after
Marshall arrived and discovered that the "beautiful and
gilded and dignified chair was gone from the desk of the
vice-president." In its place was what the committee
chair described as "a dinky little chair." He discovered
that the exchange had been made on direct orders of the
Marshall's explanation was that he expected "in the next
four years to have to sit in the Senate Chamber and
listen to many long-winded speeches which you and other
Senators will deliver, but I'll tell you right now, I am
not going to have any additional punishment inflicted
upon me by having to sit in an uncomfortable chair, too
big for me and so high my legs will not reach the floor.
Dignity or no dignity, I will not do it."
Marshall's humor enlivened many a dull moment in the
Senate. Perhaps it is unfortunate that the statement
most often remembered is one made during a long speech
when the minds of many senators were relaxed. Marshall
leaned over to speak to one of the secretaries of the
Senate in a voice loud enough that others could hear. He
probably said, "What this country needs is a really good
five cent cigar." It is hard to say just why that
witticism has been so popular.
War became an important issue during Marshall's term as
Vice-President. In 1915 Marshall was described as
"second only to William J. Bryan in his pacifist policy
and he supported Wilson in his attempt to maintain
neutrality. Even when the Lusitania was sunk, Marshall
counseled against precipitate action. As time went on,
he came to see the war as a national emergency and the
U. S. as engaged in a struggle to make the world safe
for democracy. Even so he later stated that he made the
kind of speeches he was instructed to make by his
The year after the war several royal visitors came to
the United States and, because of the illness of
President Wilson, Marshall served as host in the place
of the President. The additional expenditure caused a
real strain on his $12,000 salary. No extra funds were
supplied to care for the expense of entertainment.
Except for one summer they made their home in a hotel
for the eight years they were in Washington. His auto
was supplied by the government and kept in the Senate
Mrs. Marshall helped sponsor the Diet Kitchen Welfare
Center and there she came to know the chronically ill
child of a maid and a church janitor. She persuaded her
husband to allow her to bring the baby to their home. He
wrote later that "I had said to her that she might keep
him, provided he did not squall under my feet. He grew
out of his crib; but he never walked with as sure a
certainty on the streets of Washington, as he walked
into my heart." They gave him every special care
available but he died at the age of three, never having
been adopted. The Marshalls went to Arizona, even though
Congress was in session, "to get away from the toys."
Marshall was determined to live on his salary while he
was in public office but because of the necessary
expenses he felt he had to find an additional source of
income. He later wrote, "I went on the Chautauqua
lecture platform and received compensation for addresses
while vice-president. I either had to do it, steal, or
resign." He traveled and made many speeches for which he
received no honorarium nor payment of expenses.
Reporters liked him and he provided lots of copy. As the
war developed there were crank letters and threats on
his life. He threw them in the wastebasket but one bomb
exploded near his desk in 1915.
He was physically small and thin, walked with a limp,
weighed only about one hundred, twenty-five pounds. Many
assumed his health was poor; actually he was quite
vigorous. During the long months when President Wilson
was incapacitated, Marshall had no more accurate
information than did the general public. Many now think
and others thought then that the functions of the
Presidential Office should have moved to Marshall but
the nation was lift in limbo without active executive
leadership for weeks or months at a time.
Marshall was criticized by those who thought he should
assume the position and end the government drift and he
was suspected by Wilson's friends of planning to do just
that. Marshall resisted and prevented the replacement of
the President without Wilson's consent. Actually the
rules for a change of leadership were not definite and
the crisis might have been compounded by Marshall's
action. There were proposals that President Wilson
should resign and Wilson, himself, planned his
resignation in 1916 and maybe, again in November, 1920.
The 1920 Democratic National Convention was in San
Francisco. By that time Vice-President Marshall was
enjoying quite wide public approval and was considered a
likely candidate for the presidential nomination. The
Indianapolis News described editorially plans for
winning the nomination. He had strong support from the
State party. But the party was mostly ready to drop the
Wilson administration and Marshall's greatest vote was
thirty-six on the second ballot.
So Thomas R. Marshall was retired on March 4, 1921, as
one of the most popular vice-presidents Washington had
seen. He moved his legal residence to Indianapolis in
1915 and now he proposed to spend the rest of his life
there. He was appointed to the Lincoln Memorial
Commission and in October, 1922, to the Federal Coal
Commission. He asked for office space in the law office
of Fred A. Sims who had been Secretary of State during
Marshall's governorship. They also had built a cottage
in Scottsdale, Arizona. Again Marshall taught a Bible
class and Mrs. Marshall assisted in the primary
department of their church.
Marshall was a baseball fan all of his life and had
umpired in college. Now he attended games with friends.
He had not gathered any financial reserves and he
returned to lecturing and writing regularly syndicated
articles in order to make it possible for them to live
well. By 1925 he needed some extra money and decided to
write his Recollections. He told a friend he wanted to
get away from the coal burning in Indianapolis. The
cough he had was more likely from his constant cigar. He
worked about five months dictating the book. It went on
sale immediately after his death and brought almost
fifty thousand dollars into the estate.
Other activities included his duties as Trustee of
Wabash College, a position he had held during his
governorship and his vice-presidency. Wabash was the
first college to grant Marshall an honorary degree and
six other colleges had followed before 1918. The couple
traveled to Europe in 1922 and made return visits to
several who had made official visits to them in
Washington. He was under the auspices of the Masonic
Lodge as a delegate to the International Conference in
In his seventieth year his health failed. He had a heart
attack in April, 1925, but recovered enough to make some
graduation speeches in Indiana including at Manchester
College. In May, the Marshalls went to Washington but he
was soon confined to bed. He died suddenly on the
morning of June 1 while reading the fourth chapter of
Mark. The funeral was conducted by the Masons and he is
buried in Crown Hill cemetery in Indianapolis. Wabash
College received his library, a bronze bust and most of
his other mementos. An oil painting of Marshall hangs in
the dining room of his old fraternity, Phi Delta Gamma.
Widow of Thomas Marshall Dies
Mrs. Lois Marshall, widow of Thomas R. Marshall, died
Monday at Phoenix, Arizona, where she had lived most of
the time since the death of her husband in 1925. Thomas
R. Marshall, born in North Manchester on what is now the
site of the Marshall theatre, was governor of Indiana
and vice-president of the United States when Woodrow
Wilson was president. Mr. Marshall died shortly after he
had given the commencement address at Manchester
College. The Thomas Marshall school in North Manchester
was named in his honor. The Marshall family had moved to
Columbia City during the boyhood of Thomas. He became a
practicing attorney at Columbia City and became
acquainted with Lois Kinsey, who was working as deputy
for her father, clerk of Steuben County at Angola. She
was 23 and Mr. Marshall 41 when they were married.
After completing his two terms as vice-president, Mr.
and Mrs. Marshall returned to Indianapolis where he
continued the practice of law. The funeral service for
Mrs. Marshall will be held at Phoenix Friday, and the
body will be brought to Indianapolis for burial in the
Marshall mausoleum in Crown Hill Cemetery. Mrs. Marshall
was 85 years old.
Source: NMHS Newsletter May 1995
Tom Marshall's Last Speech
In the spring of 1925 the commencement speaker for
Manchester was unable to come and a hasty search was
made for a substitute. Thomas Marshall was available and
arrangements were made.
Otho Winger wrote about the event: "Mr. Marshall came.
He was a very sick man; we could see that. But he braced
up for the occasion. Not many people will forget the
opening remark of his address, when he said, 'I am out
of politics now and can afford to tell the truth.' Tom
was known for just such statements as that. Even though
he was a politician, he gave an address filled with wise
sayings and wise advice. It was a great event to have a
native son of Manchester return for our commencement."
"This was the last address of this noted Hoosier. He
went from here to his home in Indianapolis and then on
to Washington, where he took sick. In ten days he passed
away. The last speech of his career was given in the
city of his birth."
Newsletter, May 1985
STREET NAME IS PROMPT TRIBUTE TO V.P. by Fran
Marshall Way in Scottsdale,
Arizona, just west of Scottsdale Road, is a short,
ordinary street, beginning at Indian School Road and
running south six blocks, but it looms downtown
commemorates one of the city’s most illustrious original
winter residents, Thomas R. Marshall.
In the days of Vice President
Marshall, the tranquil Marshall Way neighborhood bustled
with traffic as visiting political leaders and important
dispatches arrived from Washington.
Today Marshall Way is the location of a variety
of businesses in new and old buildings, as well as
impressive art galleries filled with a treasury of
A large number of old homes have
been remodeled into restaurants and other enterprises.
A handful are still residences tucked beneath
towering old trees.
The tiny agricultural community
clustered around a main intersection at Scottsdale Road
and Main Street.
Marshalls’ house faced a narrow, unpaved country
lane that is now busy Indian School Road, approximately
where the parking lot of Farrell’s Ice Cream Parlour is
Buy Lots in 1913
Marshall did not choose Scottsdale
His father-in-law, William E. Kimsey, a prosperous
Indiana farmer, had been taking his family to that
desert area since 1908 for Mrs. Kimsey’s health.
Other members of the Kimsey clan followed and
later became permanent residents.
The Kimsey home was on the north side of
present-day Indian School Road, just across from the
Thomas R. Marshall was a prominent
lawyer who was elected governor of Indiana in 1908.
His father, a country doctor, had died of
tuberculosis, and when the younger Marshall began
experiencing respiratory illnesses during the harsh
Midwestern winters, he and his wife, Lois went to
Scottsdale for a few months of healing sunshine.
In 1913 they bought three lots across from her
father’s place, and Kimsey built for them a neat,
Wide comfortable porches surrounded their home,
constructed entirely of redwood sawed by hand with a
Marshalls enjoyed their Scottsdale winters to the
Lois visited back and forth with her mother while her
husband played golf at Ingleside Inn, puttered at
various chores, and held lively political discussions on
his front porch.
Marshall, a Democrat, and his Republican
father-in-law disagreed on many topics, but their
arguments were always friendly; they liked and respected
Marshall was a genial, down-to-earth man and skilled
story teller who fit right in with the neighboring
farmers and who took his turn spinning yarns about
political life when the men gathered at the local
Marshalls Try a Low-Profile
Small Scottsdale** found itself
with a national celebrity in residence when Marshall
became vice president in 1913 and promptly named a
street for him.
Although members of the distinguished family
tried to discourage invitations and made it clear that
they were there for rest, the Phoenix socialites were
not easily put off.
They had never before paid the slightest
attention to rural Scottsdale, but a vice-president…that
was a different thing altogether!
Although society did its best, the
Marshalls made the “long” journey to Phoenix only on
The citizens of Phoenix did succeed in honoring
them with an elaborate farewell banquet one year with
200 attending, and Marshall sometimes addressed the
state legislature during his visits.
By all accounts, Marshall was a
charming, witty man with blue-gray eyes and thick,
He was in great demand as a speaker and attended
dinners in Phoenix given by the Maricopa County
The state’s dignitaries attended these affairs,
and the guests heard dozens of speeches, but it was
Marshall who kept the audience “roaring with laughter”,
according to the newspapers of that time.
His light-hearted attitude carried
over into his official duties, although he approached
them with a serious dedication.
He mastered the intricacies of presiding over the
Senate and is described as doing so “with grace and
Marshall proved himself equal to taking over many
governmental duties when President Wilson was too ill to
carry out his responsibilities during his final years in
were trying times for both Wilson and the nation, and
Marshall’s quiet, capable assumption of almost all of
the president’s ceremonial functions made the difficult
Marshall Day Rally of 1917
Our entry into World War I in 1917
increased Marshall’s responsibilities in Washington and
made his rest periods in Arizona more important.
The vice president declined almost all social
engagements, but Mrs. Marshall entertained Phoenix
friends at luncheons at Ingleside Inn or invited them to
her home for knitting parties.
Knitting for the soldiers was a preoccupation
among the ladies during those years.
One winter Mrs. Marshall took 25 pounds of wool
to Scottsdale and took it back to Washington knitted
into warm socks and mufflers!
Patriotic rallies were popular in
those war years, and the leaders of Phoenix organized a
very special one for October 21, 1917.
Since Marshall was reluctant to go to Phoenix,
they took the celebration to him!
Maricopa County declared that Sunday as Marshall
Day and made plans for a rally in front of his house at
The Phoenix Indian School Band made
the long trip out to Scottsdale to play a formal concert
of sacred and patriotic music.
Hundreds drove on the unpaved country roads that
led to the Marshall home.
Tiny Scottsdale had never had so many visitors at
The road in front of the Marshalls was clogged with
traffic, and all the adjacent streets were lined with
Rousing Sousa marches thundered over the desert, and
Marshall addressed his audience from his front porch,
urging them “to assist the government toward a
successful promotion of the war.”
Marshall retired to Indiana in 1921
at the end of his second term and continued spending
winters in Scottsdale until his death in 1925.
In tribute to their leading citizen and most
jovial neighbor, all of the businesses in Scottsdale
closed during the time of Marshall’s final rites in
Lois Marshall’s father also died in 1925, and
Lois returned to Scottsdale to live with her mother, now
a permanent, year-round resident.
After the death of Mrs. Kimsey, she lived her
remaining years in Phoenix.
Both the Kimsey and Marshall homes
are gone now, torn down to make way for new buildings,
and Scottsdale’s former distinguished winter resident is
a mere notation in the history books.
In Scottsdale, however, he is remembered and
honored by the street that bears his name…Marshall Way.
*Fran Carlson prepared this article
for the Scottsdale Scene Magazine (October 1983).
The article was reprinted in the Bulletin
of the Whitley County Historical Society and has been
used here with Mrs. Carlson’s permission.
** William L. Kimsey, a nephew of
Mrs. Marshall and resident of Scottsdale, in
recommending the Carlson article to the Bulletin,
Scottsdale in the Marshall era had fewer that 500
people, now almost 100,000.
Source: NMHS Newsletter, May
Memory of man hazy despite cigar
By John J. Shaughnessy, Indianapolis
Star Staff Reporter
Columbia City, Ind. – When Lannie
Maloney shows the cigar box to a visitor, he
does it with the care of someone sharing a
This is not a typical cigar box,
No, this is a cigar box with a history.
Imprinted with the name and image
of Thomas R. Marshall, the cigar box seems the best way
for Maloney to begin the story of Marshall, a
once-famous Hoosier who nearly became president but who
is remembered now, if at all, for a phrase he coined
“What this country really needs is
a good five-cent cigar,” Marshall once said when he was
vice president under Woodrow Wilson.
Although the phrase became etched in the American
mind, Marshall didn’t.
Nearly everyone has heard the
phrase, but they attribute it wrongly,” says the
33-year-old Maloney as he stands inside Marshall’s old
home, which now serves as a museum for this northern
“People never seem to connect the phrase with
They say, ‘Thomas who?’”
Maloney claims that was Marshall’s
The former Indiana governor had a penchant for cracking
jokes and one-liners that lasted far after his death in
Never one to take himself too
seriously, Marshall summed up the influence of being
vice president with the following story: “Once there
were two brothers.
One ran away to sea; the other was elected vice
And nothing was ever heard of them again.”
Another example of his wit came in
his farewell to the Senate, over which he had presided.
Removing a cigar from his mouth for just a
moment, Marshall told the senators: I have been in the
cave of winds.
I need a rest.
As the museum’s curator and tour
guide, Maloney knows Marshall’s humor made him a popular
But if there’s a regret for Maloney, it’s that
Marshall’s wit has overshadowed his accomplishments.
“People tend to forget the
beneficial things Marshall accomplished during his life.
He had a definite impact as vice president and
especially as governor.”
As governor from 1908 to 1912, the
North Manchester native helped pass an employers’
liability law, a pure food law and a law on corrupt
practices in elections.
Laws also were enacted requiring the medical
inspection of schoolchildren, a minimum wage for
teachers and taxation of corporations.
Partly because of that record, he
was chosen as Wilson’s running mate and served as vice
president from 1913 to 1921.
And when Wilson nearly died at the end of his
second term, Marshall came close to being president.
“He’s often been criticized because
he didn’t step in and assume the presidency when Wilson
ill,” Maloney says.
“But it wasn’t that he was timid of ignoring his
It’s just that there was no political precedent
for him to take the reigns.
And, besides, Wilson was very strong-headed about
So now, Maloney is not only in the
position of defending Marshall, but also preserving his
someone who never has smoked a cigar, for someone who
was born 25 years after Marshall died.
Maloney considers it a difficult, but welcomed
What attracts me to Marshall is
that he was very concerned about the individual and
Unity was very important to him.”
But for all of Marshall’s witty
remarks and stories, there is one thoughtful incident
that is rarely remembered.
It happened during World War I,
when a Presbyterian chaplain in the Army feared he would
be thrown out of his church for giving last rites to
When the chaplain told Marshall about his
concerns, the vice president replied, “We’ll go out of
the church together, if it be necessary.”
“It would be nice if he was
remembered for more than ‘a good five-cent cigar,’”
After that Maloney puts the cigar
box back inside a wood cabinet, waiting for the next
time someone will ask him to share the memory of a
Hoosier many have forgotten.
Source: NMHS Newsletter, November
Marshalls’ Sofa Finds Way Home
After 65 Years
The 1895 sofa which was part of Thomas R. Marshall’s
estate has been donated to the Whitley County Museum in
Columbia City by George Francis Tapy in whose family the
sofa has belonged since 1925.
A closeup detail of the sofa’s carving is seen in
the photo on the right.
A North Manchester native, Marshall
died on June 1, 1925.
From 1877 to 1908 he had occupied the house which
is now a county museum.
Tapy’s father, a good friend of
Marshall’s, served as a superintendent of schools both
for South Whitley and later Whitley County.
Marshall was instrumental in securing for Tapy a
post at Wabash College and on the Indiana State Board of
In addition to the sofa, the Tapys bought at the estate
sale the Marshalls’ dining room suite and a corner
bookcase, still in the family.
of the North Manchester Historical
VOLUME XV, NUMBER 2 (MAY, 1998)
Story of Two Chairs
By the late Robert F. Lancaster
from files of Whitley County Historical Society and
reprinted with permission of the
POST & MAIL Columbia, City, Indiana
This is a story of two chairs.
One is a common, old-fashioned bent hickory rocker used
for many years in Columbia City. The other was a massive
and impressive looking, throne -like presiding officer's
chair in Washington, D.C. One was liked and used.
The other was disliked and refused. Both concern Thomas
Riley Marshall, born years ago on March 12, 1854 in
The old hickory rocker (pictured here) was the one
that Tom Marshall and his law partners, William McNagny
and Philemon Clugston, used in their law office on the
second floor above the old Flox Store, now the Estlick
Girvin and Lefever Insurance Agency diagonally northwest
across the street from the Whitley County Courthouse.
OLD ROCKER A FAVORITE
The comfy, old rocker has a vacant, deserted look, but
it's easy to visualize jovial Tom Marshall sitting in
it, encircled in a cloud of smoke from "a really good
five-cent cigar" and humorously telling a tale to an
This rocker was one of the most interesting articles on
display for many years in the relic room down the hall
from the courtroom on the third floor of the Whitley
County courthouse. It was in this courtroom that the
three members of the noted law firm appeared in many
court cases in years gone by.
Records reveal that Marshall was admitted to the Whitley
County bar in 1875, when he was 21, and for the next 33
years grew in professional stature until 1908, when he
was elected 17th governor of Indiana.
PRESIDING OFFICER'S CHAIR
The story of the massive chair there that Marshall
disliked and refused to use is worth repeating to an
older generation who may have heard and forgotten this
"Marshall Story" and to younger readers who likely are
not familiar with Marshall anecdotes. There are many
good stories concerning this witty, humorous Hoosier
that should be kept alive by the retelling of them.
Back in March 1913, just after Marshall became vice
president and, as such, the Senate's presiding officer,
on the rostrum he found that the huge chair in which he
was supposed to sit was ill-fitting and much too large
for him. He was lean and wiry, small in stature and
weighed only about 130 pounds. He had the
sergeant-at-arms remove this chair and replace it with a
smaller one more suitable for his figure.
Senator Augustus O. Bacon of Georgia was then the
chairman of a committee that had charge of the
furnishings in the senate chamber. He was a large,
dignified man and, had he worn a toga, would have
resembled an old Roman senator. The chair would have
been ideal for a man of his size, disposition and
inclinations. He was a firm stickler for senate
traditions and established precedents, and he disliked
Marshall had the exchange of chairs made without
consulting Senator Bacon, who was greatly displeased and
irritated when he discovered what he called "a dinky
little thing" in place of the regular vice president's
Resenting having had his authority ignored, he went to
Marshall and, with a flushed face evidencing his extreme
displeasure, rebuked the vice president for ordering the
exchange of chairs without his consent.
MARSHALL ANSWERS BACON
Marshall, puffing away as usual on a cigar, and with eye
twinkling merrily sat contentedly in the "dinky chair"
and smilingly answered the reprimand.
"Now see here, Bacon," he drawled in his inimitable
homespun Hoosier manner, "the people of the United
States elected me vice president without ever seeing me
or that big chair. I expect in the next four years to
have to sit here in the senate chamber, "the cave of the
winds." and listen to many long- winded speeches which
you and other senators will deliver. I'll tell you right
now that I am not going to have any additional
punishment inflicted upon me by having to sit hour after
hour, day in and day out, week after week, month after
month in that big chair that I had removed. It was
uncomfortable, much too big for me, and had me perched
up so high that my feet dangled in the air as my legs
were too short to reach the floor. Dignity or no
dignity, I won't sit in it. No, not if I shatter every
tradition of the honorable senate!"
That ended the chair affair. Marshall spent not only
four but eight years sitting in a chair of his own
choosing from 1913 until his two terms ended in 1921.
HICKORY ROCKER IN RELIC ROOM HERE
A little more about Marshall's old hickory law office
rocker. My understanding is that its preservation is due
to Rob R. and Phil M. McNagy, both attorneys and sons of
Marshall's law partner. For several years the chair was
on display in the Fort Wayne-Allen County Museum but was
brought back to Columbia City and placed, where it more
properly belongs, in Whitley County's relic room and
later Whitley County Museum at 109 West Jefferson
MARSHALL ERA LONG ENDED
The Marshall era is long over, but memories linger on of
this noted couple which almost reached the White House
when Woodrow Wilson was so critically stricken,
partially paralyzed and near death back in 1919.
Thomas Marshall died in Washington, D. C., on June l,
1925. Mrs. Lois K. Marshall, his widow, lived to be 85,
and died in Arizona on January 6, 1958. Each year there
are fewer people around who knew them personally or even
ever saw them.